The roller coaster of the feelings belongs to a pregnancy, like the Amen to the church. It not only accompanies the joy, uncertainty or expectations of an imminent birth, but also the subconscious worries and fears:hopefully everything goes well, hopefully there are no complications. A pregnancy is not a walk, and sometimes an expectant mother comes into a situation that she probably did not expect: bleeding during pregnancy.
The good news ahead: bleeding in pregnancy are not uncommon. Nearly a quarter of all expectant mothers is confronted with this phenomenon at least in early pregnancy .Do not take it lightly.If you experience bleeding during pregnancy, your first route should always be to your treating gynecologist.Safety first!
Causes of mild bleeding during pregnancy
There may be different reasons for these complaints.The tissue is strongly perfused during pregnancy and reacts quickly to small external influences.Frequently, however, they are:
- A low-lying placenta.As the fetus grows larger, the hemorrhages may become apparent.Spare yourself until then.
- An infection of the cervix or even the vagina.Your doctor will treat you specifically.
- Non-hazardous detachment from a little tissue, no panic, but your baby is still doing well.
- A too low level of the yellow body hormone progesterone.If it is really necessary, your doctor can react with medication (progestogen).
- Bleeding at the time of your regular period is not uncommon and occurs in about 20% of all pregnant women.
- Slight injuries of fine blood vessels to the cervix after sexual intercourse are usually harmless.
- Bleeding after an examination of the cervix and the mother’s mouth by a gynecologist or the midwife are usually harmless.
Can the bleeding indicate a miscarriage?
In the event of a serious bleeding, however, an impending or starting miscarriage is a cause for concern. The bleeding often becomes very strong at times – under certain circumstances, even more intensely than your normal menstrual period. In this case, go to the hospital immediately. There, qualified specialists decide what to do. They first examine the extent to which pregnancy still exists, or worse, by administering magnesium, medication, and maintaining a lot of rest for the pregnant woman. Also a stay in the hospital can be necessary for it.
In the late pregnancy (after the 20th pregnancy week), hemorrhages in pregnant women are mostly contact bleeding, in which small blood vessels occur due to touch tests or sexual intercourse. Your midwife or your doctor will calm you down and tell you that this is no cause for concern. Also slight injuries of the veins in the vagina, in the late pregnancy can ensure slight bleeding. Towards the end of pregnancy, some mothers who are becoming mothers will have a mucous discharge with mixed blood and will be quickly uncertain. It is, however, only the notorious “mucous plug”, which, in “drawing,” indicates the opening of the mother’s mouth which is influenced by the pre-eminence, and thus indicates the early onset of the pains proper. If you have any doubts, always ask your midwife or your doctor.
Complications for bleeding during pregnancy
Serious complications associated with bleeding during pregnancy usually affect the placenta. A worrying case would be a placental detachment, which must be given immediate medical attention. If bleeding occurs, which cause labor pains, doctors will try to prevent an impending premature birth. Unfortunately this is not always possible. Likewise responsible for bleeding during pregnancy may be hypertension or preeclampsia ( pregnancy poisoning ).
In about half of the cases, doctors are not able to diagnose the exact cause of bleeding in a late pregnancy. As long as you and your baby are healthy and comfortable, there is usually no reason to worry. Due to the close supervision of your doctor, your midwife and the constant readiness of specialists in hospitals, in case of doubt, medical advice is at your disposal at any time of the day or night. They are helped to master the terrible situation and to cope with it.
Here you will also find some information about menstrual hygiene.
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