Cultured Pearls of Tahiti
Introduction to Tahitian Pearls
The tahitian cultured pearls have become part of the world in fairly recent times pearls.They were put into the world market around the years ’70 by presenting a decidedly new and unique aspect when compared to traditional cultivated pearls that in all cases slow to still an amazing effect on customers.From the glossy surface mirror reflecting the image of the viewer. Their very name conjures up images exotic and romantic beaches affcciate of oceans with crystal clear waters and beautiful sunny days alternating with tropical nights.
Pearls “black” Tahitian
Pearls from the Dark Colors
At their first appearance at the international level were called black pearl because with particularly dark shades. Since then, strong advertising campaigns have led consumers to associate the black Tahitian pearls and Akoya white.
Tahitian Black Spherical Beads
Despite the bond attributed is not technically correct to call them ” black pearls of Tahiti ” for two reasons: the first is related to the fact that generally their culture is not the case in Tahiti (where the largest market for these pearls) but along all the coasts of minor French Polynesia. Second, and most important, their color range is very wide including a surprising variety of shades of gray, blue, green and brown.
The Oyster from Black Lip
Shellfish Producers of Tahitian Pearls
Tahitian cultured pearls are formed within the body of a bivalve mollusk, commonly known as the “Oyster from black lip”. Scientifically known as the Pinctada Margaritifera cumingi, is a native of French Polynesia. Among the features that distinguish this species of mollusks from the others is the color of the inner surface of the shell. The inner edge of the valve is black, as well as the ends (or “lips”) of the fabric of his cloak, that they procure the original name of “black-lipped oyster.”
There are other varieties of Margaritifera scattered in the ocean depths ranging from the Persian Gulf to that of California. In 1998 the CIBJO (International Confederation of Jewellery, silverware, tlements, pearls and precious stones) decided to take to all the pearls from P. margaritifera the term “cultured pearls of Tahiti” (regardless of the actual cultivation area).
In his natural environment quest’ostrica can reach 30 years of age, 30 cm in diameter and weighs about 5 kilograms. In his more productive period (between 5 and 7 years), quest’ostrica reaches a diameter ranging from 15 to 20 cm.
French Polynesia and Its Islands
The Wealth of These Lands
With the island of Tahiti we see the main shopping center for pearl jewelry in French Polynesia. Located at 17 ° south latitude and 150 ° west longitude. French Polynesia consists of five archipelagos which are: the Marquesas Islands, the Society Islands, the Gambier Islands, the Austral Islands and the Tuamotu Archipelago (a total of 130 islands spread over a total area of only 4,000 sq km).
The Cultivation of Tahitian pearls takes place mainly in the lagoons of the archipelago of Tuamotu and Gambier islands. Manihi (Tuamotu Archipelago), a small island where he engages in the cultivation, is located more than 300 miles from Tahiti. Mangareva is part of the Gambier islands, it lies instead in 1000 miles southeast of Tahiti. Pearl-farming Tahitian pearls
The vast majority of these small islands they see practiced pearl cultivation, it is often difficult to reach and be reached by boats and seaplanes. Their isolated position has forced them to become autonomous; Energy is generated by large solar panels, also locals, provide for the cultivation of vegetables and the breeding of animals to provide for their daily needs.
The pearl cultivation usually takes place in the atolls in lagoon waters, with relatively waters calm, shallow and particularly rich in nutrients.
Cultured pearl | gem
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