Axiological is everything that refers to a concept of value or that constitutes an axiology, that is, the predominant values in a given society.
The axiological aspect or axiological dimension of a given issue implies the notion of the human being’s choice for moral, ethical, aesthetic and spiritual values.
Axiology is the philosophical theory responsible for investigating these values, with special attention to moral values. Etymologically, the word axiology means ‘theory of value’, which is formed from the Greek terms axios, which means value, and logos, which means study, theory.
In this context, value, or what is valued by people, is an individual, subjective and product decision of the individual’s culture.
According to the German philosopher Max Scheler, moral values follow a hierarchy, and positive values related to what is good, then what is noble, then what is beautiful, etc. appear in the foreground.
Within philosophical thinking there is a central point that is how we want to become in the future, in a better state. In order to move from a current state to a better state it is necessary to first understand that to make improvements we have to base them on certain key points. This is called the philosophical axiology or existential axiology, that is, the values, which are those based on the action that can lead us to a better state tomorrow. This is because the values give meaning and coherence to our actions.
The ethics and aesthetics are intrinsically linked to the values developed by humans. Ethics is a branch of philosophy that investigates moral principles (good / bad, right / wrong, etc.) in the individual and social behavior of a person. Aesthetics studies the concepts related to the beauty and harmony of things.