Balance is to weigh the factors in a situation to predict its outcome or evolution. Balance can be used to refer to reports on accounts in the economic field or to comparative studies of different fields.
Balance comes from the French balance which means balance. It can be considered as a synonym for summary, evaluation, valorization, synthesis, estimation or calculation.
In accounting , the balance sheet is the financial report that analyzes the assets (profits) and liabilities (debts and obligations) of a company or entity to determine its economic and financial situation also called equity.
The balance in accounting terms is synonymous with accounts, for example, the final balance of the company is the final accounts. The results of the balances, especially if they are negative, lead to actions and decisions at the managerial or governmental level to improve the situation, as is the case of the exchange control.
A balance needs to weigh at least two factors. A balance is generally associated with accounting but can also be applied personally, such as the personal balance of the year that passed.
The balance is also the present subjunctive of the first and third singular person of the verb balanzar and refers to the movement of something from one side to the other, such as the movement of a pendulum.
The balance can also be a forward and backward movement, such as its use in maritime language to refer to the port to starboard movement.
In chemical process engineering, matter balance and energy balance are tools that calculate the flows of matter and energy in all aspects involved in the industrial process.