The first thing we are going to do before entering fully into the definition of the term carriage is to know its etymological origin. In this case we can determine that it is a word that derives from the Provençal “cariatge”, which was used to refer to a vehicle mounted on wheels and equipped with an iron or metal frame.
Of course, this Provencal term comes, in turn, from Latin. Exactly from “carrus”, which can be translated as “vehicle with wheels”.
A carriage is a vehicle that has an iron or wooden frame installed on wheels.
From this meaning, it follows that there are many types of carriages. A carriage is called a carriage that has two wheels and rods that serve as hitch to the shot. In cars, their frame is a frame with ropes to support the load.
According to DigoPaul, carriages with four wheels that are drawn by animals and that have a box with a seat for at least two people are called a car. If the car is very large, has outstanding ornamentation and is drawn by horses, it is called a carriage.
In ancient times, carriages were a widely used means of transport. Nowadays, however, they are collectibles that are only used in the framework of certain ceremonies or as a tourist attraction.
The elm, the ash, the black poplar and oak are some of the woods most commonly used in the construction of carriages. This wooden structure is linked to elastic springs that serve as a suspension.
As for the wheels of the carriages, they have a piece (the cube) from which the rays come out, which enter a circumference that form the pins. This circumference is reinforced with a ring (the rim).
In addition to all the above, it is worth knowing other peculiarities about the carriage, among which we can highlight the following:
-It is considered that its invention is between the 15th and 16th centuries.
-The first known carriage in the Iberian Peninsula dates from the year 1546, although other theories determine that the first was the one that Carlos V’s servant, Carlos Pubest, brought with him in the year 1554.
-During history the carriage was it has used, among other things, as a messaging system vehicle. Thus, it is established that in the 19th century, specifically in 1825, a service of this type was launched in Paris, which responded to the name of Omnibus.
-In Seville there is one of the best exhibition centers on this type of vehicle that we are dealing with. We are referring to the Carriage Museum, which was launched in 1999 and which has a wide variety of carriages such as the coupe de gala or the mail coach, among many others.
“El carruaje”, on the other hand, was the title of a forty-four-chapter telenovela that aired on Mexican TV in 1972. Set in the Mexico of the nineteenth century, “The carriage” featured performances by Jose Carlos Ruiz, Maria Elena Marques and Carlos Monden.