The dorsal concept comes from the Latin word dorsuālis. It is about that linked to the back or the back. For example: “The child was born with a defect in the dorsal spine”, “This species is characterized by the size of its dorsal fin”, “I have had severe pain in the dorsal area for several days”.
In the field of anatomy, the structure behind the frontal plane is described as dorsal. The dorsal region, therefore, is the one that remains behind if an imaginary division of the body is made in half vertically, advancing perpendicular to the ground (in the case of bipeds), or that is further from the surface if the body is divided in half horizontally with an imaginary cut parallel to the ground (in the case of quadrupeds). According to Abbreviationfinder, D stands for Dorsal.
Certain marine animals, on the other hand, have a fin in their dorsal region that is precisely called the dorsal fin. Killer whales and sharks, among other species, have dorsal fins.
In some countries, the shirt with a number on the back that is used in the field of sport is called a dorsal: “The young Frenchman will wear the number 10 dorsal of the Madrid team”, “To be able to wear this dorsal is a dream for me”, “The local federation has already confirmed the numbers that the players will use in the next international tournament”.
The spine, also called the vertebral column, is the structure that extends from the pelvis to the head, passing through the back and the neck. It protects the spinal cord, provides support to the skull and enables the human being to stand upright and move bipedally.
Among the most serious injuries that a human being can sustain are those to the spine and brain, the consequences of which can be devastating to the body and mind. Statistics indicate that around eleven thousand people suffer one of these injuries for the first time each year; for June 2006, on the other hand, it was estimated that close to two hundred and fifty-three thousand people —almost all under 30 years of age— lived with these disorders.
As if the physical problems caused by injuries to the spine and brain were not serious enough, the impact on an emotional level is also very strong, since the subject loses autonomy and feels that he or she cannot continue with their daily activities. This brings us to the consequences in the student and work spheres: many patients drop out of their studies due to difficulties in concentrating and moving around, and others lose their jobs because their employers are not willing to keep them if they do not perform at a “normal” level.
A traumatic event (such as a car accident, a slip or trip while playing sports, working construction, or just walking down the street) can cause damage to the spine that puts a lot of pressure on it, or sever the fibers of the spine. its nerves and tracts. Since the spine is responsible for communicating the brain with the rest of the body to carry out the control of movements and sensations, an injury of this type can change our lives completely.
It is important to point out that it is not easy to diagnose an injury of this type, since it shares some of its symptoms with other disorders, such as the following: memory loss, paralysis, orientation problems, blurred vision, speech disorders, incontinence of the bladder or bowel, impaired sexual function, behavioral disturbances. In addition, the relationship between the injuries and the accident that caused them is not always evident.