Originating from the Italian word cascata (translated into Spanish as “fall”), the concept of waterfall refers to the falls of water that occur at a certain height as a result of a notorious unevenness in the channel. When waterfalls are large, they are defined as waterfalls.
According to DigoPaul, the flow of a waterfall varies according to the time of year, while the height, shapes, width of the bed and the types of walls through which the water falls can depend on multiple geological factors.
When the water falls from the highest point of a waterfall, its speed is not remarkable because the air generates resistance. This same reason causes it to be segmented into different jets or jumps. It should be noted that waterfalls can recede and move towards the source of the river when the soft rocks that accumulate at their base crumble.
Worldwide, the most important fall is the so-called Angel Falls, which reaches a height of 979 meters. This jump arises from the advance of the Churún River from the Auyantepuy, in the Venezuelan state of Bolívar.
The second highest fall is the Tugela jump, with 947 meters. This waterfall is located in the province of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa.
As for the widest drop in the world, it is the Victoria Falls, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. Its width is 1.7 kilometers.
In addition to those mentioned, we cannot ignore other waterfalls that, for various reasons, are very famous all over the world. Among them are, for example, the Niagara Falls that are located on the border between Canada and the United States and that have managed to be absolute protagonists in the field of cinema. And there are several films that have taken them as keys: Niagara (1953), Superman II (1980)…
Likewise, we should also highlight the Iguazú Falls, located between Brazil and Argentina, which have the privilege of having been chosen as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. In them stands out, among its 275 waterfalls, the famous Devil’s Throat, which has a height of 80 meters.
When speaking of waterfall we cannot ignore that under that name there is also a German music group, Eurodance, which began its journey in 2004 and which already has a significant series of successes behind it, especially highlighting the one that they achieved with their song “Everytime We Touch.” Yanou, Natalie Horter and DJ Manian are the three components of this formation that has several international awards such as the International Dance Music Awards, the World Music Awards or the MTV Video Music Awards.
In the same way, it should be noted that the term cascade is also used in the field of computing to refer to a type of software creation model.
It is worth mentioning that, in other contexts, the word cascade refers to what is considered worn, beaten or lacking in strength (“That ornament is broken since it fell from the top of the table”).