“The quantity and diversity of hooks can intimidate, but it should not be cause for great concern. In this section, will present the basics and a simple guide for the selection of the same.
And before nothing, the golden rule: perfectly sharpen your hooks before tying flies and review them before you tie your flies or go fishing.
Depending on the type of eye hooks.
Hooks, depending on the type of eye that come in 3 basic types can be divided:
Eyes straight or right (straight or ringed).
Eye up (turned up).
Eye down (turned down).
Although the type of eye is not absolutely important nor influences shaped determinate in the type of fly, applications where you take advantage of the form are:
a) hooks with straight eye: streamers and patterns that tied leader with open knots.
(b) the eye down hooks: nymphs, fly drowned in general and
(c) the eye upwards hooks: fly dry in general. This last type is traditional in the patterns for the fishing of salmon and sea trout (steelhead).
Again, if a recipe calls for a specific model of hook and you do not have one, any other similar you will be useful.
Parts of the hook
The above diagram shows the parts of the hook and does not require (at least I think) for further explanation. We only note that listed names can vary according to different regions or mood of who employs them, so, for example the neck many times we say “body”, “eye” eye, etc.
The size of the hooks.
Hooks for fly, receive a number based on its size:
Being smaller the more big is your number. Thus, the hooks (not shown) #28 will be much smaller than one #12. Larger than no. 0 hooks, begin to receive the nomenclature X/0, where X is the number and hence the azuelo will be larger as it increases the number of zeros: A 3/0 hook is larger than a 1/0 as shown in the figure.
The length of the hooks.
Now well, to function is the length, there is a special nomenclature to designate such a measure, with respect to the standard length. (N) – XL and (n) – letters are used in nomenclature, SL to indicate if it is longer (Long) or (Short) shorter than the standard, and where (n) indicates that both shorter or longer is: a hook 3-XS, will thus be shorter than the standard, while a hook marked as 5-XL, will be longer.
Short hooks, are used in patterns that mimic eggs and certain organism whose body is small; long hooks, are used for nymphs, streamers and other elongated patterns.
Finally, depending on the gauge of the wire being used, used the nomenclature (n) – XH and (n) – XT to indicate that both employed wire is thicker (Heavy) or thinner (Thinner).
Built with thinner wire, hooks are used to the dry fly, while the heavier, to the fly drowned and other patterns that work under water.
The curve of the hooks.
The hooks have many different profiles, but depending on the curvature of the same, in general are 3 basic types of curves and are:
Neck Sproat and
The curvature “Limerick”, invented in Norway, has been popular for many decades and even today used frequently. It is characterized by the end abruptly. This type of hook, also is used in other fishing techniques.
Hooks “Sproat”, begin your curve gently, which makes them very suitable for employers who want to simulate the curved body or certain attitudes of various agencies.
Finally, the “Perfect” or “round” curve as it is also known, is now the most popular for making artificial flies, especially for the dry fly.
Defects of the hooks
Between the hooks, we can find a series of defects in factory, which in the worst cases, will be the cause of the loss of the fish, and among the most common defects, we can mention the following:
Gill too open
You can prevent correct tip and/or severe at the time of be removed tears penetration.
Solution: Cut the gall or flatten it.
Opening or throat too short
Dam can easily escape or plane do not become entangled.
Solution: No feasible: throw it away.
The eye is not perfectly closed
Line is can exit, lost the dam and fly.
Solution: Try to close it with a pair of tweezers.
In any section, the diameter of the steel is very diminished
“By the thinnest thread breaks” (in this case, the azuelo).
“Solution: no feasible: throw it away.”
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