Uruguay Population

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Uruguay is 3,387,605, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 3,387,605
Population growth rate 0.27%
Birth rate 13.00 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 76.61 years
Men life expectancy 73.47 years
Women life expectancy 79.86 years
Age structure
0-14 years 19.91%
15-64 years 65.72%
65 years and above 14.38%
Median age 34.50 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.93
Population density 19.22 residents per km²
Urbanization 92.60%
90% of European descent, minorities of European-indigenous and European-African origin
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 66% (less than half of them attend church regularly), Protestants 2%, Jews 1%, non-denominational and members of other religions 31%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.808
HDI ranking 57th out of 194

People in Uruguay

Most of Uruguay’s 3.4 million people are descended from European immigrants. They are white (91 percent) and their ancestors come mainly from Spain and Italy, but also from France, Germany, Portugal and other countries.

2.4 percent describe themselves as mestizos, i.e. descendants of whites and natives. Almost 6 percent are descendants of African slaves. The indigenous peoples, the natives, were exterminated in the middle of the 18th century.

The average age in Uruguay is higher than in other Latin American countries, it is 35 years. This is due to a low birth rate, a high life expectancy and a higher number of young emigrants. In Germany, by the way, it is much higher, namely 47 years.

Every woman in Uruguay has an average of 1.7 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children.

95 percent of all Uruguayans live in the city. That is one of the highest values ​​in the world.

Languages in Uruguay

Spanish is the official language in Uruguay. But it differs from the Spanish that is spoken in Spain. While in Spain, for example, the c is usually pronounced like an English th, i.e. between the teeth (as in the English word through), in Uruguay, as in all of Latin America, the c is pronounced like a sharp s (as in see). This is called Seseo.

The pronunciation of ll (as in llamo) and of y between vowels (as in oye) such as a German sch or a French j is also particularly typical. That is then called Žeísmo or Šeísmo.

The use of the Voseo is typical for large parts of Uruguay, which means that “you” say vos instead of tu. Instead of vosotros (you) one says ustedes. This is also used in writing.

Río de la Plata Spanish

Río de la Plata Spanish, as Spanish is also called in Argentina and Uruguay, also has the peculiarity that it was strongly influenced by the many Italian immigrants from both countries. That’s why it sounds softer than typical Spanish.

What is Portuñol?

In the border area with Brazil, a kind of mixed language between Spanish and Portuguese is spoken: Portuñol. Since the vocabulary of both languages ​​is 90 percent the same, you can understand Portuñol if you have one of the two languages ​​as your mother tongue. There are no hard and fast rules in Portuñol. You just try to imitate the way the other language is spoken as well as possible.

Religions in Uruguay

41 percent of the population of Uruguay belong to the Catholic Church. That is a low figure for Latin America. 8 percent are other Christians, mostly Protestants.

A large number of Uruguayans do not belong to any church: half describe themselves as non-religious. The fact that the church plays a comparatively minor role here probably has to do with the fact that church and state were separated as early as 1919 (secularism). In addition, proselytizing was less successful here.

Uruguay Overview

Uruguay, situated in southeastern South America, is famous for its pristine beaches, progressive social policies, and rich cultural heritage. The country’s capital, Montevideo, is known for its charming colonial architecture, vibrant markets, and lively music and dance scene, particularly the traditional tango and candombe rhythms. Uruguay’s stunning coastline, including the trendy resort town of Punta del Este and the tranquil beaches of Cabo Polonio, attracts sun-seekers and surfers alike. With its stable democracy, high standard of living, and emphasis on education and social welfare, Uruguay stands out as a model of stability and prosperity in the region.

  • Capital City: Montevideo
  • Population: Approximately 3.5 million
  • Area: 176,215 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Oriental Republic of Uruguay
  • Currency: Uruguayan peso (UYU)
  • Language: Spanish
  • ISO Country Codes: ISO 3166-1 alpha-2: UY, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3: URY

Bordering Countries of Uruguay

Uruguay is a country located in South America, bordered by three other countries. To the north lies Brazil, while to the south lies Argentina. Further west is the Atlantic Ocean, while to the east lies the Uruguay River.

The Uruguayan-Brazilian border has been a site of great cultural exchange due to its strategic location in South America. This has led to strong cultural ties between Uruguay and Brazil as well as strong political cooperation in recent years. In addition, Uruguay also has strong economic ties with its bordering countries due to its thriving agricultural industry which have attracted foreign investment.

The relationship between Uruguay and its neighbours is complex but largely peaceful despite occasional disputes over matters such as energy resources or border issues. In recent years there have been efforts by both sides to improve relations as well as increased trade between them for mutual benefit. For example, Uruguay has signed several free trade agreements with neighbouring countries that have helped boost economic growth in both nations. Furthermore, there have been efforts by all sides to promote regional stability through joint military exercises or peacekeeping operations in conflict zones such as Paraguay or Bolivia.


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