What is Coercion?
As coercion is called the pressure, force or violence of physical, mental or moral exerted on a person to force her to do or say something against their will. The word, as such, comes from the Latin coactĭo, coactiōnis.
Coercion, also known as private violence, can be exercised through threats, force, or violence. The person who is a victim of coercion, for his part, knows that he is in imminent danger and, for this reason, he feels that he is not free to act voluntarily, so he obeys the person who is coercing him.
As such, the term coercion is used in various disciplines, such as political science, law, psychology, and sociology.
Coercion in Law
In the legal field, as coercion is called the legitimate power by which the right has the power to enforce compliance with the laws. In this sense, the only entity that has legitimate power to coerce is the State, which must enforce the regulations and announce penalties for those who do not comply. Hence, legal coercion is established in the penal code of each country, which stipulates what behaviors are subject to punishment by the State.
Coercion in Criminal Law
In Criminal Law, on the other hand, as coercion it is called a crime in which the use of force or violence is incurred to prevent a person from doing or saying something that is not sanctioned by law, or for this behave against your will.
Coercion and coercion
Coercion and coercion are terms often used synonymously. However, coercion is the pressure exerted on someone to force their will or their behavior. In this sense, coercion is internal or psychological in nature, since it affects consciousness and reason. The coercion, however, involves force or violence by which one compels a person to do or say something against their will.
Coercion to vote
Coercion to vote is called the pressure exerted on the voters to force them to vote for a candidate, preventing them from freely choosing the one that dictates their conscience or reason. As such, it can be exercised through direct or indirect threats or pressure, which implies the loss of certain favors or benefits. Another mechanism of coercion to vote is the transfer of voters to the voting centers.
Coercion to vote is typical of corrupt or degraded electoral systems, as well as countries where a deterioration of democratic freedoms is verified. In fact, many dictatorial governments have used coercion to vote to stay in power while maintaining a democratic facade.